Monday, 2 September 2019
Jeremiah 31:31 Behold, the days are coming, declares the LORD, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and the house of Judah
We need to be very careful when we read this verse. Who is in focus here and would be clearly understood by the original audience to be the beneficiaries of this new covenant? Is there any evidence in the context that the text is meant to be metaphorical or spiritualised away from that obvious original meaning?
So when it comes and Jesus announces to the disciples that "this is the new covenant in My blood" (Luke 22:20), to whom is He talking? What is the context of that announcement? This is why Paul writes:
Romans 9:4-5 They are Israelites, and to them belong the adoption, the glory, the covenants, the giving of the law, the worship, and the promises. To them belong the patriarchs, and from their race, according to the flesh, is the Christ who is God over all, blessed forever. Amen
This is why Jews and Gentiles - the natural and the wild branches are both grafted in to the olive tree, representing the Commonwealth of Israel and "now share in the nourishing root of the olive tree" (Romans 11:17).